Purchase Article
Account Credit $18.50
Article Cost $0.40
Balance of Credit $18.10
Confirm

The cost of your purchase will exceed your credit of . Click here to be taken to your account to purchase more credit.

Did you know that your version of Internet Explorer is out of date?
To get the best possible experience using our website we recommend downloading one of the browsers below.

Internet Explorer 10, Firefox, Chrome, or Safari.

LIMITED TIME OFFER: Receive 50% off your first credit purchase (Example: Buy a $10 credit but get billed for only $5)!

Advanced Search
Cost of Living
Back
July 12, 2017
Alternatives Journal
Saskatchewan ALUS staff and assistants demonstrate the installation of a waterfowl “henhouse” in a large wetland that has been beautifully restored and enhanced through ALUS. CreditL: ALUS

In Canada, seven out of 10 people live in metropolitan areas, and one in three Canadians live in either Toronto, Montreal or Vancouver. These urban centres have the fastest growing populations, suggesting the proportion of Canadians living in cities will increase in the coming decades. This creates challenges for the management of natural environments within cities and on their outskirts.

Since the 1950s, growth of the urban population in Canada has been based on the urban sprawl model, characteristic of the post-war years in North America. This carving out of land for human use impacts ecological connectivity. Ecological connectivity includes the ability of living species and matter to move freely across the landscape, and is critical to ensure the survival of species and important ecosystems.

For example, urban sprawl since the 1960s in the Greater Montreal area has resulted in the loss of over 25 percent of woodlands and wetlands and has thus reduced ecological connectivity by 80 percent. This qualitative and quantitative decrease in the environment has significant public health impacts and generates significant economic costs, resulting in $235 million in ecosystem losses each year in Montreal (in terms or recreational value, pollination, and waste treatment for example).


Purchase article to read more - $0.49
Prev
Top Selling Articles
/
View All
Next
Alternatives Journal | Apr 2, 2017

The Suzuki Elders are up for the fight, ready for battle.

 
Alternatives Journal | Jul 12, 2017

The business case for new pipelines is terrible.

 
EcoParent | Sep 13, 2012

How running an active garden program at school can benefit students in several ways.

 
Inroads Journal | Nov 19, 2017

There is a profound malaise in contemporary Western politics and you, dear reader, are likely part of the problem. 

EcoParent | Jul 15, 2016

How Outward Bound transforms and how its students see the world.

 
Green Teacher | Jun 19, 2017

How to develop a community-wide strategy to nurture environmental stewardship in children and teens

 
Green Teacher | Oct 20, 2017

A lesson to help grade 3-8 students appreciate the impact our food system has on climate change.

 
EcoParent | Sep 13, 2012

Jeff Baxter writes about experiential education in the Canadian Arctic.

 
Alternatives Journal | Jun 6, 2017

Jane Goodall Institute Canada’s Cycle My Cell campaign is just getting started and has already removed 62 kilos of metal, plastic and glass from landfills and kept 3,717 kilos of CO2 from being released into the atmosphere.

Inroads Journal | Mar 15, 2017

America’s fifteen-year war in the Middle East

Green Teacher | Feb 20, 2017

Run…but where…from snakes or to snakes?

 
Green Teacher | Feb 13, 2018

Finding inspiration in the reverence of nature found in Japanese education